Proyecto de Investigación: Quillusara, una puerta al pasado                                                                      

El proyecto de investigación “Quillusara, una puerta al pasado” es un proyecto de la Universidad Técnica Particular de Loja (Ecuador) que se desarrolla bajo la dirección de la Dra. Sofía Sanz González de Lema y está centrado en el estudio del yacimiento arqueológico de Quillusara.

La colaboración de Fab Lab Madrid CEU con el proyecto de investigación se ha centrado en la aplicación de tecnologías digitales para el levantamiento tridimensional de algunos de los ortostatos del complejo empleando técnicas de fotogrametría low cost y escaneado tridimensional y el registro de los petroglifos grabados sobre la superficie de ambos utilizando termografías.

El resultado de los trabajos se presentaron en el Congreso Mundial de Arqueología 2014 celebrado en Burgos el pasado mes de septiembre. Ya se pueden consultar en la página web del congreso pero os avanzamos aquí el abstract.

QUILLUSARA, ENTRANCE TO THE PAST. MEGALITHIC PHENOMENON IN ECUADOR

In this paper I would like to take the opportunity to present the preliminary results of the research about the megalithic site Quillusara (Celica, South Ecuador). This is a project of the Universidad Tecnica Particular de Loja (UTPL) in the Northern Andean. Our first aim is to contribute an interpretation about megalithic site of Quillusara and his context in Ecuador and northern Peru. Quillusara is a megalithic site at 730-650 m. snm, on a hill and near to Quillusara river, this is located at the entrance to Northern Andean. In Quillusara there are alignments, cromlech and “married orthostates” and five stones with rock art with different figures (shaman, geometric, condor and feline mask). The chronology of monument is dark because there isn´t excavation and absolute dating, but the Rock Art and his iconography show a chronology from Regional Period (500 a.C- 500d.C) to Inca Period (until 1532).

For this project we work with an interdisciplinary method: archaeological, architectonical, botanical and artistic. The method of working commences in the collecting published about archaeological site, paleobotanical and religion pre-Columbus in South Ecuador and North Peru. We don´t make the excavation but our work is about territorial study, landscapes, megalithic architecture and iconography. Our preliminary results are: we have seen more alignment, one cromlech and new architectural elements: the merried-orthostates. Until today, Quillusara hasn´t been studied as architectonic built into the Environment and the Landscape, but our research show than Quillusara is a megalithic monument with architectural harmony and it was an active figure in the formation of the pre-Columbian landscape.

Authors: Sanz Gonzalez de Lema, Sofia (Universidad Tecnica Particular de Loja (Ecuador) ssanz@utpl.edu.ec, B. Aguirre, Eduardo. (Universidad Tecnica Particular de Loja (Ecuador) ebaguirre@utpl.edu.ec Arevalo Benito, Hector (Universidad Tecnica Particular de Loja (Ecuador) hbenito@utpl.edu.ec Balcazar, Cristian A. (Universidad Tecnica Particular de Loja (Ecuador) cabalcazar@utpl.edu.ec Gonzalez Ojeda, Diego S. (Universidad Tecnica Particular de Loja (Ecuador) sgonzalez@utpl.edu.ec Simaluiza, Ruth J. (Universidad Tecnica Particular de Loja (Ecuador) rjsimaluiza@utpl.edu.ec Sanchiz Alvarez de Toledo, Hipolito (CEU San Pablo de Madrid), hsan.ihum@ceu.es Lorenzo Cueva, Covadonga (CEU San Pablo de Madrid), clorenzo@ceu.es Lorenzo Cueva, Epifanio (CEU San Pablo de Madrid), elorenzo@ ceu.es